Over 95 percent of Americans at some point in their life will experience acne, according to dermatologist Shari Marchbein, MD, of New York City. In fact, according to Dr. Marchbein, 25 percent of women in their 40s and 50 percent of women in their 20s still have acne.The 3 Most Common Types of Acne.
Even if those statistics may seem discouraging, there is a bright side: because acne has become more common, there are more research studies on the many varieties of acne than ever before, and there are more treatment options available than ever.
The 3 Most Common Types of Acne, And How To Treat Each
How it occurs: In women, these deep, below-the-surface lumps are typically found along the jawline and chin. They have no head.
A combination of oil (sebum), dirt, and Worn out skin cells become caught within pores, causing the condition, which is frequent in those with oily skin (particularly at that time of the month, when estrogen can increase sebum production).
In addition to being painful and red, the lesions have the potential to leave scars and PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, popularly known as dark patches).
Dr. Marchbein claims that this is why it’s important to treat cystic acne right away.
The course of treatment: A regular skincare regimen can help: Use a cleanser with chemical exfoliants like glycolic acid to wash your face twice daily, and at night, apply a retinoid like AcneFree Adapalene Gel ($10; amazon.com).
Adapalene is supposed to be applied all over the face to minimize worn out skin buildup, which in turn prevents breakouts.
It is gentler than prescription retinol. However, Dr. Marchbein cautions that with this type of acne, “traditional therapies like topicals are less likely to work,” so if your routine isn’t working, a prescription may be helpful.
Route of administration: The FDA has approved the use of specific birth control tablets containing estrogen and progesterone to treat acne.
These medications are administered because testosterone and other androgens that cause acne, such as estrogen, can trigger the sebaceous gland to generate more sebum.
Spironolactone, a blood pressure medicine, works similarly for women in that it blocks androgens without hormones even though it is not FDA-approved for the treatment of acne. Derms might also advise combining the two.
In more severe circumstances, “Isotretinoin—formerly Accutane—is the gold standard and has the potential to give a lasting remission, or even cure, scarring cystic acne,” according to Dr. Marchbein.
Isotretinoin should be avoided by women who are pregnant or trying to get pregnant since it can result in birth abnormalities.
It’s a retinoid, which is another name for vitamin A, and it works more forcefully to decrease oil production.
How it occurs: The cause of these begins with “sebum plugs” in a pore or hair follicle, according to dermatologist Rachel Nazarian, MD, of New York City. Sebum, germs, and WORN OUT skin cells that clog the pore’s opening make up a blackhead.
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Whiteheads are created when a clogged pore closes. These patches are less deep than cystic ones.
According to Dr. Marchbein, open comedones are the reason why blackheads appear black; when sebum, germs, and Worn out skin cells are exposed to air, they all oxidize and become darker.
Whiteheads and closed comedones have pollutants beneath the skin that are not in contact with the air.
Because the T-zone contains the most sebaceous glands, both are frequently seen there.
Salicylic acid is essential to the treatment regimen since it can clear pores and permeate them.
Antimicrobial silver and salicylic acid are combined in Naturopathica Colloidal Silver & Salicylic Acid Acne Clearing Cleanser ($38; naturopathica.com) to help prevent outbreaks. SET UP A FACIAL:
You should seek the advice of a professional if you frequently discover that your pores are clogged. In order to maintain a clear complexion, Christine Chin, a certified esthetician and the owner of the eponymous spa in New York City, advises scheduling extractions with a specialist.
Use an acne patch as soon as a whitehead appears for a quick treatment.
The hydrocolloid used to make these stickers transforms into a fluid-absorbing gel that removes dirt and oil, reduces irritation, and forms a barrier to keep bacteria out. As the zit heals, Alba Botanica Acnedote
How it occurs: You could still experience body breakouts while having a clear complexion. According to Dr. Marchbein, the majority of people have a combination of both, but many people only have neck-down problems.
Sweat is also a significant contributing element, despite the fact that the common causes include filth, oil, and worn out skin.
Many women discover that the areas where sports bras collect sweat are where they get zits the most.
The course of treatment: To get rid of bacteria that cause acne, use a benzoyl peroxide cleanser after working out, like CeraVe Acne Foaming Cream Cleanser ($15; available at mass merchants).
hair cutting. Breakouts may be brought on by your method! For instance, dermaplaning (an exfoliating procedure involving a razor) is great for getting rid of peach fuzz on your face
But if you have oily skin or active breakouts, the procedure may actually cause your skin to produce more oil and aggravate your skin, which may result in additional breakouts. Laser hair removal is the finest choice.
Your bedsheet. Change it once every week because it can be harboring bacteria.
Haircare items. While some substances are fantastic for hair, they can cause serious damage to the skin around the hairline, on the shoulders, and on the back.
Try the dermatologist-developed Seen product line ($24–$29; helloseen.com), which was created especially for those with acne.
How recently did you clean your screen? A cell phone can harbor 10 times more bacteria than a toilet seat, according to a University of Arizona study.
You are effectively exposing your skin to the bacteria that your phone is carrying every time you bring it up to your ear, which could lead to a future outbreak.
Make your lifestyle acne-proof.
Change your diet. Dr. Nazarian notes that eating high-glycemic foods can mess with your hormones.
See if your skin gets better by attempting to eliminate these. Inform your dermatologist if not.
Go to bed. Poor sleep can make acne and skin disorders like eczema worse.
Get the seven to nine hours of sleep per night that the National Sleep Foundation advises.
The best strategy to deal with inflamed skin is simply to reduce your routine. Types of Acne