Ask your doctor about prescription-strength drugs if you’ve used over-the-counter (nonprescription) acne remedies for several weeks and they haven’t worked. Getting advice from a dermatologist can: Home Remedy Treatments For Acne
Manage your acne
Avoid getting scars or other skin damage.
lessen the visibility of scars
Acne treatments function by lowering sebum production, curing bacterial infections, and/or reducing swelling. Results from the majority of prescription acne medications could take four to eight weeks to appear. Your acne may not totally clear up for several months or even years.
Depending on your age, the type and severity of your acne, and how much work you’re prepared to put in, your doctor will propose a treatment plan. For several weeks, you might need to wash and medicate the area that is afflicted twice a day. Combinations of oral medicines and topical treatments are frequently employed. Due to the possibility of adverse effects, pregnant women’s treatment options are constrained.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of any drugs or other therapies you are considering with your doctor. And until your skin gets better, schedule follow-up visits with your doctor every three to six months.
Home Remedy Treatments For Acne That Works
The most widely used prescribed topical treatments for acne are:
Retinoids and medications that resemble them. For mild acne, medications containing retinoic acids or tretinoin are frequently helpful. These are offered as lotions, gels, and creams. Tretinoin (Avita, Retin-A, and other brands), adapalene (Differin), and tazarotene (Tazorac, Avage, and other brands) are a few examples. This drug is applied in the evening, initially three times per week, then daily as your skin adjusts. The clogging of hair follicles is avoided. Applying tretinoin and benzoyl peroxide together is not recommended.
The sun sensitivity of your skin is increased with topical retinoids. Particularly in those with brown or Black skin, they can also cause dry skin and redness. Adapalene might be the most tolerable drug.
Antibiotics. These eliminate excess skin microorganisms while reducing swelling and redness. For the first few months of treatment, you might combine an antibiotic and a retinoid, applying the antibiotic in the morning and the retinol in the evening. Benzoyl peroxide is routinely included in antibiotic formulations to help prevent the development of antibiotic resistance. Examples include the combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide found in Benzamycin and Benzaclin, respectively. It is not recommended to use topical antibiotics alone.
Azelaic acid with salicylic acid. Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring chemical that is produced by yeast. Its nature is antibacterial. A 20% azelaic acid cream or gel looks to be just as effective as some popular acne treatments when used twice daily. If you are expecting or breastfeeding, you can acquire azelaic acid (Azelex, Finacea) via prescription. It can also be used to treat some forms of discoloration brought on by acne. Side effects include minor skin irritation and skin redness.
Salicylic acid, which is available in both wash-off and leave-on formulations, may help prevent blocked hair follicles. There are few studies demonstrating its usefulness. Skin darkening and slight skin irritation are side effects.
Dapsone. For inflammatory acne, especially in women with acne, dapsone (Aczone) 5% gel is advised twice daily. Redness and dryness are side effects.
The use of zinc, sulfur, nicotinamide, resorcinol, sulfacetamide sodium, or aluminum chloride as topical acne therapies is not well supported by the available research.
Drugs taken orally
Antibiotics. If you have moderate to severe acne, oral antibiotics may be necessary to manage germs. As a first line of treatment for acne, tetracyclines (minocycline, doxycycline) or macrolides (erythromycin, azithromycin) are widely utilized. A macrolide might be an alternative for people who can’t take tetracyclines, such as pregnant women and kids under the age of eight.
Oral antibiotics should be used for the shortest possible period of time to prevent antibiotic resistance. To reduce the likelihood of the development of antibiotic resistance, they should also be taken in conjunction with other drugs, such as benzoyl peroxide.
Rarely are antibiotics used to treat acne associated with serious side effects. Your skin does become more sun-sensitive as a result of these drugs.
oral contraceptives in combination. The FDA has approved four combination oral contraceptives for women who also want to use them as a form of birth control. These products (Ortho Tri-Cyclen 21, Yaz, and others) contain both progestin and estrogen. Using other acne drugs with this treatment for the first few weeks may help since you might not feel the benefit of it for a few months.
Combination oral contraceptives frequently cause weight gain, breast soreness, and nausea as adverse effects. Additionally, these medications are linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular issues, breast cancer, and cervical cancer.
antiandrogen medications. If oral antibiotics are ineffective, women and adolescent girls may want to explore the medication spironolactone (Aldactone). It functions by preventing androgen hormones from having an impact on the oil glands. Painful menstruation and sore breasts are potential side effects.
Isotretinoin. Among other medications, isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis) is a vitamin A derivative. If other treatments haven’t worked for someone’s moderate or severe acne, it might be given.
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The negative effects of oral isotretinoin include depression, severe birth defects, and inflammatory bowel illness. Participants in an FDA-approved risk management program are required to be taking isotretinoin. They will also need to see their doctors on a regular basis to check for any side effects.
Some patients may benefit from the following therapies, either on their own or in combination with medication.
Bright therapy. With varied degrees of success, many light-based therapies have been tried out. Most of them will require frequent visits to your doctor’s office. More study is needed to determine the ideal technique, light source, and dose.
a removing agent. Throughout this procedure, a chemical solution—such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinoic acid—is repeatedly administered. Minor acne is treated by this treatment. The skin may look better, but the improvement is typically fleeting and calls for more treatments.
extraction and drainage. When comedones or cysts don’t go away after applying topical treatments, your doctor may gently remove them using specialized instruments. While this method momentarily makes your skin look better, it also runs the risk of leaving scars.
injection of steroids. A steroid medication can be injected directly into nodular and cystic lesions to treat them. Rapid recovery and a reduction in discomfort are the outcomes of this therapy. Skin thinning and discolouration in the treated region are possible side effects.
Taking care of kids
The majority of studies on acne medications have used participants aged 12 or older. More and more young kids are also developing acne. The number of topical medications that the FDA has approved for use in children has increased. Additionally, according to American Academy of Dermatology recommendations, topical benzoyl peroxide, adapalene, and tretinoin are effective and don’t increase the risk of adverse effects in preadolescent children.
Take into account seeing a pediatric dermatologist if your youngster develops acne. Inquire about pharmaceuticals that should be avoided in children, suitable dosages, drug interactions, side effects, and how a child’s growth and development may be impacted by treatment.
Oil of tea tree. Gels with at least 5% tea tree oil may be just as effective as lotions with 5% benzoyl peroxide, while tea tree oil may take a little longer to take action. It is not a good choice for those with rosacea due to potential side effects such mild itching, burning, redness, and dryness.
yeast used in beer. When administered orally, a strain of brewer’s yeast known as Hansen CBS appears to help reduce acne. It might result in flatulence (gas).
To determine the possible efficacy and long-term safety of these and other integrative treatments, including biofeedback and ayurvedic medicines, more research is required. Before attempting any particular treatments, discuss the advantages and disadvantages with your doctor.
A way of life and DIY remedies
With nonprescription products, proper basic skin care, and other self-care methods, you can try to prevent or control mild to moderate acne:
Use a mild cleanser to wash the trouble spots. Use warm water and a mild cleanser (Cetaphil, Vanicream, etc.) to wash your face twice a day with your hands. If you are shaving the afflicted skin, be gentle.
Avoid some products, such as astringents, masks, and face scrubs. They frequently cause skin irritation, which can make acne worse. Additionally, overwashing and overscrubbing might irritate skin.
To reduce excess oil and encourage peeling, try over-the-counter acne products. Look for products with the active chemicals benzoyl peroxide and adapalene. Try products with salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or alpha hydroxy acids as well. Before you notice any change after utilizing a product, it can take a few weeks.
Compared to gels or ointments, creams are less irritating. Initial negative effects of over-the-counter acne treatments, like redness, dryness, and scaling, are possible but frequently go away after the first month of use.
Prevent irritants. Acne concealers, sunscreens, hair products, and oily or greasy cosmetics can exacerbate acne. Use items that are water-based or noncomedogenic instead, as these are less likely to aggravate acne.
Sun protection for your skin. For some individuals, the discolouration that occasionally persists after the acne has cleared up is made worse by the sun. Additionally, certain acne drugs increase your vulnerability to sunburn. To find out if your drug is one of these, check with your doctor. If so, try to avoid the sun as much as you can. Use a sunscreen-containing noncomedogenic moisturizer on a regular basis.
Avoid putting pressure or friction on your skin. Avoid touching objects like phones, helmets, tight collars or straps, and backpacks if your skin is prone to acne.
Do not touch or pick at regions that are prone to acne. Such behavior may result in infection or scarring, as well as additional acne.
After a workout, take a shower. Breakouts on your skin can be caused by sweat and oil.